Marcus Aurelius ruled as Roman emperor from 161 to 180 A.D. He was preceded as emperor by Antonius Pius. Pius succeeded Hadrian, who adopted Pius as his heir on the condition that Lucius Verus and Marcus Aurelius would rule after Pius.
After Pius’ death, Marcus Aurelius and Lucius Verus ruled jointly from 161 – 169 A.D. , until Verus’ death.
Marcus Aurelius was known as a “philosopher king”, and Meditations is a collection of twelve books on philosophy originally written by him in Greek. This edition includes illustrations and a Table of Contents.